Established in 1958, the Ningxia Hui autonomous region covers an area of 66,400 square kilometers. It has a permanent resident population of 6.9 million, 36.69 percent of whom are people of the Hui ethnic group.
Ningxia is one of the origins of ancient Chinese civilization. The Shuidonggou relic site in Lingwu city shows that people resided there as early as 30,000 years ago, the Old Stone Age.
A red flag flutters in the wind and a trumpeter of the Red Army is holding a bugle.